Often confused with pink-eyed white guinea pigs, albino guinea pigs are born without melanin pigmentation. This genetic mutation affects their eyes, ears, and skin.
Here are some helpful tips on what to look for and how to effectively care for your albino guinea pig.
In This Article
Introducing the Albino Guinea Pig
Since an albino guinea pig is not a breed, your guinea pig’s actual breed will affect its size. Male guinea pigs tend to grow larger than females.
Conversely, female guinea pigs weigh 20 to 25 percent less than males.
For example, a full-grown male albino guinea pig can weigh between 2 and 4 pounds, whereas a full-grown female albino guinea pig can weigh between 1.5 to 3 pounds.
The average lifespan of an albino guinea is 2 to 6 years. Where your pet falls in this range depends on the breed, diet, and overall animal health.
To keep your guinea pig healthy, consider feeding it a specialized diet.
Generally, an albino guinea pig has red or pink eyes and a white coat. Its color is affected by twelve loci that contribute to its pigmentation. Some of these include the genes that control the intensity of the main types of pigment.
An albino guinea pig has a very high sense of smell. It relies on its ability to detect odors to protect itself.
The temperament of an albino cavy can be stressful because of the unfamiliar smells and movements. This can cause stress for both the cavy and its owners.
Albino cavies are often deaf, so unfamiliar sounds or smells will more easily stress them. This is why washing your hands after petting the cavy is so essential.
Here are five fun facts about albino guinea pigs:
- They can swim
- They have four toes
- They need toys during high activity
- They have ‘rootless’ or ‘open-root’ teeth
- They have 20 teeth that never stop growing
Food & Diet
Choosing the right foods for your albino guinea pigs is vital to providing them with a nutritious and happy diet.
You can include the following foods: kale, carrots, green beans, celery, tomato, corn on the cob, spinach, green cabbage, chicory, watercress, apples, pears, strawberries, blueberries, and grapes. Be sure to serve only small portions and only a few times a week.
However, some foods can be very toxic to guinea pigs. Avocado skin, for example, is highly poisonous to these pets.
Additionally, some fruits are very high in sugar and should be eaten in moderation. Bananas, for instance, are rich in other nutrients but contain a lot of sugar, which can cause constipation.
You may also consider a rosehip supplement to provide your guinea pig with supplemental vitamin C.
An albino guinea pig should be given lots of exercises. This helps them to stay at the ideal weight, and it helps to improve their respiratory and digestive systems.
It also improves their mental stimulation and overall well-being.
While albino guinea pigs do not like baths, they need them from time to time. When bathtime arrives, it is best to use a neutral shampoo to avoid irritation.
The best way to brush your guinea pig is to use a narrow-toothed comb to help prevent tangles.
Also, brushing your guinea pig in the same direction as the hair grows is better.
Finally, if your guinea pig has knots in their coat, you will want to brush it more often.
When it comes to housing your albino guinea pig, a 7.5-square-foot cage is ideal.
The cage should also have a flat bottom so climbing ramps will be accessible. It should also have a water bowl and a nesting area.
To avoid accidents, it’s also a good idea to keep the cage away from strong heat sources. The ideal temperature range for a guinea pig is 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
You should be warned that albino guinea pigs are highly territorial and mark their beds and cages with anal glands and urine.
Choosing the best albino guinea pig bedding for your pet can help ensure that your cage is clean, comfortable, and odor free.
Aside from keeping your pet comfortable, good bedding can help prevent several health problems.
Conversely, using the wrong type of bedding can lead to many issues, such as inflammation of the skin, sores on the legs, and even pododermatitis.
If you still need to decide on a specific type of bedding, you’ll want to research several options before making your purchase. There are many different types of guinea pig bedding, so you’ll want to choose the right one for your pet.
If you’re looking for a soft, absorbent, and odor-free bed for your guinea pig, consider looking into paper bedding. This bedding is made from 100% recycled paper and is very affordable.
Another type of bedding that’s popular with guinea pig owners is fleece. This type of bedding is reusable and can be washed once a week.
However, you’ll want to ensure that you have a waterproof material in the bottom layer. You also won’t want to use this kind of bedding in a place without much ventilation.
Despite their small size, albino guinea pigs are highly susceptible to various diseases. These disease conditions can be severe and may even lead to death.
Although many of the problems associated with these animals are treatable, knowing what to look for is essential.
The most common health problems among guinea pigs are diarrhea, respiratory tract infections, and dental disease. While these diseases are usually treatable by a veterinarian, they can be challenging to identify.
These animals may not show symptoms until they are in severe distress. Therefore, it is essential to seek veterinary care as soon as you see any signs.
Guinea pigs are susceptible to various bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases. These pathogens can enter the animal through the oral cavity or conjunctiva.
Diseases can also be transmitted between a guinea pig and another species, which can lead to infections, cause dehydration, and also be fatal.
Urinary tract infections are another grave issue for guinea pigs that can lead to kidney failure and may be fatal if untreated. However, these ailments are more common in older animals.
Moreover, albino guinea pigs are vulnerable to a variety of dietary deficiencies. Some of these deficiency states include vitamin C deficiency, vitamin B12 deficiency, and magnesium deficiency.
They are often inapparent conditions, which means owners do not realize that their guinea pig is suffering from them until it is too late. Such deficiencies can be avoided with vitamin supplements.
Ideas For Naming Your Guinea Pig
Choosing a name for your baby guinea pig can be challenging, but you can find the perfect moniker to suit your pet’s personality. You can look for inspiration in the animal’s behavior, the colors of its fur, or even its food.
Consider a name with a pig pun based on positive traits, or choose a reputation based on a character or movie you enjoy.
You can also choose a name that reflects your guinea pig’s personality, such as a fun-loving or snarky guinea pig.
Another idea is to name your albino guinea pig after your family members or friends. If you’re lucky, you might have a close friend or family member who is a giant guinea pig fan.
You can ask them for some suggestions, or you can try to find a similar-colored object and then match the color to your guinea pig’s coat. If you do this, you’ll have no problem finding a name that fits your guinea pig’s personality.
Other ideas for naming a guinea pig are based on its shape and size. For example, a male guinea pig’s tail may be thick and short, while a female’s body may be short and round. Therefore, using “chunk” and “thick set” in the name can create a unique moniker for your pet.
Having an albino guinea pig in your home can be a lot of fun. You can bond with your pet and make your home a special place for your pet to live.
However, you will need to understand that this condition of your pet provides it with some unique characteristics that will require extra care.
Frequently Asked Questions
It is not uncommon for albino animals to have hearing impairments, but this is not necessarily the case for all albino guinea pigs. Some albino guinea pigs may be deaf, while others may have normal hearing. It is best to consult with a veterinarian if you have concerns about your guinea pig’s hearing.
No, Himalayan guinea pigs are not albino. The Himalayan variety of guinea pig is named for its distinctive coloring, which resembles the Himalayan rabbit. Himalayan guinea pigs have a white coat with dark ears, nose, feet, and tail. Albino animals, on the other hand, have a completely white coat and pink eyes due to a lack of pigment.
Additional Sources & Resources
We also have a number of other guides related to guinea pigs, including:
- Our answer to the question “can guinea pigs eat strawberries?”
- Our answer to the question “can guinea pigs eat onions?”
- Our answer to the question “can guinea pigs eat avocados?”
- Our answer to the question “can guinea pigs eat watermelon?”
- Our answer to whether guinea pigs sleep with their eyes open?
- Our answer to whether guinea pigs hibernate
- Our answer to whether guinea pigs are nocturnal
- Our answer to whether guinea pigs sleep at all
- Our breed guide to Himalayan guinea pigs
- Our breed guide to Sheltie guinea pigs
- Our breed guide to Albino guinea pigs
- Our breed guide to white guinea pigs
- Our guide to finding the best cage for 2 guinea pigs
- Our guide to finding the best shampoo for guinea pigs
- Our guide to finding the best bedding for guinea pigs
- Our guide to finding the best toys for guinea pigs
- Our guide to understanding issues related to guinea pig poop
- Our guide to finding the best balls for guinea pigs