Are Pomeranians hypoallergenic?

Are Pomeranians Hypoallergenic? (Everything You Need to Know)

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If you’re thinking about bringing a new pup home and have allergies, you’re probably asking yourself the same question about a variety of different breeds: “are they hypoallergenic?”

The short answer is no: no dog is actually hypoallergenic.

There’s still more to the story.

While no dog is hypoallergenic, the reactions people have to dogs can be complicated, and some dogs can be “more” or “less” hypoallergenic (or likely to trigger your allergies).

For that reason, we asked our veterinary advisor Dr. Jamie Whittenburg to offer advice on pet care and how to think about allergic reactions to your dog.

She shares those later on in this post.

Additionally, we’ll go into great detail on:

  • Whether people have allergic reactions to Pomeranians
  • What you need to know as it regards allergies if you’re thinking about bringing home a Pomeranians
  • What to do if you think you or a loved one may be allergic

Let’s dig in!

Are Pomeranians Hypoallergenic?

The short answer is no, Pomeranians are not hypoallergenic, but Pomeranians are less likely to trigger an allergy. They do shed and should be brushed once every two days and brought to a groomer every four to six weeks.

It’s challenging to own dogs when you’re allergic to so many animals, but who doesn’t love their sweet faces? The term “hypoallergenic pets” has been tossed around a lot in the last few years. 

In this article, we’ll determine the answer to the question, are Pomeranians hypoallergenic? We’ll also explore if they shed and how often they need grooming.

Can You Be Allergic to Pomeranians?

You can be allergic to Pomeranians. The symptoms include:

  • Sneezing
  • Congestion
  • Runny Nose
  • Wheezing
  • Rashes

Do Pomeranians Shed?

Pomeranians lightly shed year-round thanks to their long coats. They have thick double coats, so you’ll notice heavy shedding twice a year around spring and fall. You’ll have to be wary of your pup shedding dander in these two seasons.

In other words, Pomeranians shed very little during the year but a lot during the first few weeks of spring and fall. You can take them to the groomers more often during that time.

Are Teacup Pomeranians Hypoallergenic?

No, teacup Pomeranians are not hypoallergenic. They share the same genetics as regular Pomeranians. They’re just much smaller. Because of their miniature size, they can be better for those with allergies because a smaller dog produces less shedding and dander.

Is a Pomeranian Mix Hypoallergenic?

While no dog is technically hypoallergenic, you’ll have the best luck with a pomeranian-poodle mix. Pomapoos shed very little but require extremely frequent professional grooming thanks to their thick and heavy undercoats. 

The most famous pomeranian mix is a Pomsky, a pomeranian crossed with a husky. You should avoid this mix if you have bad allergies, as huskies are not hypoallergenic and shed a lot.

If you’re still unsure, you can always ask a reputable pom breeder. They know their dogs very well and can typically tell you if a puppy will be more allergy-friendly between eight to twelve weeks. They determine this based on their coat length and thickness.

Are Pomeranians Allergy Friendly?

Yes, Pomeranians are allergy friendly. This allergy friendliness is because they shed lightly throughout most of the year, except for their heavy sheds. Pomeranian coats produce very little dander, which is excellent for those who suffer from allergies.

However, spring and fall will be challenging because of the heavy shedding. You can help minimize your allergies by brushing the dog daily and disposing of the fur. Taking the dog to the groomers can also help because they will wash the dander and loose fur out of your dog’s coat.

Grooming Tips for Pomeranians

Grooming is a key factor in limiting allergic reaction to dogs.

Because they are so small, Pomeranians require special care when it comes to grooming. Here are some tips on how to groom your Pomeranian:

  • Brushing is essential for keeping your Pomeranian’s coat healthy and free of tangles. Be sure to use a soft brush, and brush in the direction of hair growth.
  • Pomeranians need to be bathed regularly, but be careful not to overdo it. Too much bathing can strip the natural oils from their coat and skin, leaving them dry and dull-looking.
  • To keep your Pomeranian’s nails trim, use a nail clipper designed for small dogs. Be careful not to cut too close to the quick, which is the sensitive part of the nail.
  • Ear care is important for all dogs, but especially for Pomeranians. Their long, floppy ears can be a breeding ground for bacteria and other infections. Be sure to clean their ears regularly with a cotton ball dipped in ear cleaner.
  • Finally, don’t forget dental care! Pomeranians are prone to tartar buildup and gum disease, so regular brushing is essential. Use a toothbrush designed for small dogs, or a finger brush, and toothpaste that’s safe for dogs.

This is a good video walk through on how to groom a Pomeranian:

Pomeranian Coat, Fur, & Hair

Beyond grooming, understanding a little more about a Pomeranian’s coat, fur, and hair will give you more of a sense of possible issues when it comes to allergies. Here are some key facts to be aware of:

  • Pomeranians have a double coat of fur that can be either long or short
  • The outer coat is dense and harsh, while the undercoat is soft and downy
  • Pomeranians can come in a variety of colors, including cream, orange, black, brown, and white
  • The Pomeranian’s coat requires regular brushing and grooming to prevent mats and tangles
  • Pomeranians are prone to shedding, especially during the spring and fall seasons
  • The Pomeranian’s coat is one of the breed’s most distinguishing features and is a large part of what makes them so popular
  • Pomeranians are known for being hypoallergenic, which means they produce less dander and are less likely to cause an allergic reaction in people with sensitivities to dogs.

Fast Facts About Pomeranians

If you’re looking into how hypoallergenic a Pomeranian is, you may be thinking about bringing one home. If that’s the case, knowing a bit more about the breed may help you make a more informed decision. Here are some fast facts about Pomeranians that may help with your decision:

  • Pomeranians are one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States.
  • The Pomeranian is a member of the Spitz family.
  • Pomeranians were originally bred in Pomerania, a region in northern Poland and Germany.
  • Pomeranians were once known as “Zwergspitz” or “dwarf spitz.”
  • Pomeranians are the smallest member of the Spitz family.
  • Adult Pomeranians usually weigh between 3 and 7 pounds.
  • Pomeranians are extremely intelligent and easily trained.
  • The Pomeranian’s coat is double layered, with a dense undercoat and a softer outer coat.
  • Pomeranians come in a wide variety of colors, including black, brown, cream, orange, red, and white.
  • Pomeranians are known for their loud, high-pitched bark.
  • Pomeranians are relatively active dogs.
  • Pomeranians are relatively easy to groom.
  • The average life expectancy for a Pomeranian is 12-16 years.

Dealing with Pet Allergies

If you’re dealing with pet allergies, Dr. Stephen Dreskin MD, PHD from UC Health has a great overview on the topic:

Tips from Our Vets

The idea of a hypoallergenic dog or cat is a myth.

There is no such thing as a truly hypoallergenic dog (or cat). Hypoallergenic implies that the dog will not cause a human to have an allergic reaction. Many mistakenly believe that humans’ allergies to cats and dogs are caused by hair shedding.

Though hairs that fall off of the dogs and cats may increase the risk of allergies, humans are allergic to proteins that dogs and cats shed in their saliva, urine, and dander.

Allergic reactions in humans to dogs and cats vary widely from human to human, and some dogs will trigger allergies in a human while others will not.

In my experience as a veterinarian, dogs and cats that children grow up with when they are young, and dogs that are brought into the household as puppies tend to cause the fewest allergy issues. It is likely that constant exposure to your personal dog desensitizes your immune system to that dog’s specific proteins.

If you have a dog or cat allergy and a dog or cat, there are some things you can do to help decrease your allergic reaction.

Keep in mind that it is the proteins the dog produces that cause the allergy. However specific actions like controlling loose hair, or obtaining a non-shedding breed, can decrease the protein-containing dander that causes your allergies in your home.

Dog Breeds with Hair & Not Fur

A number of breeds have hair, as opposed to fur, and therefore do not shed. These include:

  • Poodles
  • Shih Tzus
  • Schnauzers
  • Scottish, Yorkshire, and Bedlington terriers
  • Maltese

Cat Breeds with Hair & Not Fur

Similarly there are a number of cat breeds with hair and no fur:

  • Sphynx
  • Devon Rex
  • Cornish Rex
  • Peterbald
  • Siamese
  • Manx
  • Birman
  • Burmese
  • Himalayan
  • Persian
  • Russian Blue

Strategies to Reduce Pet Allergies

  1. Non-Shedding Breed – As mentioned above, some humans with allergies find that they tolerate non-shedding breeds better than those with fur, as this reduces the amount of dander in the air.
  2. Brushing, Bathing, and Grooming – Regardless of hair coat, frequent brushing, bathing, and grooming will decrease the dander present in your environment. For home brushing, the procedure should be done outside to avoid aerosolizing the dander into your home. Baths should be administered no more often than every other week to decrease the likelihood of drying out the dog or cat’s skin. Professional grooming frequency will depend on the cat or dog’s coat, but to reduce allergies will likely need to be done at least monthly.
  3. Clean Home – If you or a family member suffers from dog or cat allergies, it is essential to clean your home often. Frequent vacuuming, dusting, as well as cleaning fabric furniture, will keep the cat or dog dander in your home under control.
    1. Vacuuming – You should vacuum with a high-quality vacuum that has a HEPA filter installed.
    2. Moist Cleaning – Sweeping with a dry broom is not recommended. This method tends to stir up the dust and dander into the air. Swiffers and wet mopping are preferred for floors. Moist cloths are preferred to feather dusters for dusting.
    3. Air filters – Replace the filters in your furnace and air conditioning units. Always buy high-quality, preferably HEPA rated, filters. It may also be helpful to purchase individual room air purifiers/filters.
  4. Flooring – Carpeting will hold on to dander and other allergens. If you or a family member suffers from dog allergies, it may help to replace carpeting with hardwood, linoleum, or tile flooring. These types of flooring are easier to clean and will reduce the allergen load in your home.
  5. Accessories – Your dog or cat will deposit allergenic proteins where they sleep and also on toys and other objects that they get saliva on. Ensure you regularly wash all beds, pillows, and toys frequently.

Final Thoughts: Is There Such a Thing as a Hypoallergenic Pomeranian?

No, Pomeranians are not hypoallergenic, and:

  • Pomeranians do not trigger as many allergies as other dogs, according to pomeranian.org
  • Pomeranians do not shed very much
  • Pomeranians only need to be brushed once every two days and go to the groomer once every four to six weeks

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources & Additional Resources

If you’re looking for even more information about pets being hypoallergenic this is just one in a series of guides:

Pet News Daily Staff
Pet News Daily writers are experts in pet care, health and behavior. We are members of Society for Professional Journalists and practice ethical journalism.