Bowl of Brussel sprouts

Can Dogs Eat Brussel Sprouts?

Our veterinarians research and recommend the best products. Learn more about our process. We may receive a commission on purchases made from our links.

Brussel sprouts are contentious vegetables. Some people love them, and others wouldn’t touch them with a ten-foot pole.

If you’re a Brussel sprout lover, you might wonder, can dogs eat Brussel sprouts? And, if you can’t stand the vegetable, you might ask if it’s safe to give your dog the sprouts you’re leaving behind on your plate.

Though many vegetables are foods dogs can eat, some have harmful toxins that dogs can’t digest. Learning which vegetables and fruits you can and can’t share with your dog is an important part of being a pet owner.

So, are Brussel sprouts bad for dogs? Or are they a healthy treat? Read on to find out.

Is It Safe for My Dog to Eat Brussel Sprouts?


It’s safe for your dog to eat Brussel sprouts, with a few precautions. Brussel sprouts are full of nutrients that benefit both dogs and humans.

Brussel sprouts are packed with fiber that aids in digestion.

They also have a ton of antioxidants. Antioxidants help protect humans and canines from cancer-causing free radicals, reduce inflammation and improve circulation.

Brussel sprouts also harbor a lengthy list of vitamins. They’re especially high in vitamin K, which humans and dogs need. Vitamin K helps blood to clot when you or your pet experiences an injury. It also helps build bones and protects the heart.

However, Brussel sprouts have some downsides too, which we’ll discuss below. Keep reading to learn when it’s not safe to give your dog these cruciferous veggies.

Are There Any Safety Concerns Feeding Brussel Sprouts to My Dog?

Yes, there are safety concerns when feeding Brussel sprouts to your dog.

Brussel sprouts don’t contain any toxins or poisons, but they are high in isothiocyanates. Isothiocyanates aren’t bad, per se. In fact, they’re one of the reasons that cruciferous veggies, like Brussel sprouts, are so good at preventing certain cancers.

They help push food through the digestive tract fast. Unfortunately, this can cause gas. Gas in itself isn’t dangerous, though it can be unpleasant. However, in large amounts, isothiocyanates can cause bigger stomach upsets, including diarrhea. So, you have to be careful about how many isothiocyanates you give your pup.

How Much Brussel Sprouts Can I Feed My Dog?

Because too many Brussel sprouts can quickly give your dog tummy troubles, you should always consult with your vet before feeding sprouts to your dog.

If your vet gives you the all-clear, start small. Give your dog half a sprout and see how they react. If they like it, you can use Brussel sprouts as a treat now and then. Don’t give them more than three sprouts in a twenty-four-hour period.

How to Prepare Brussel Sprouts for Dogs

Raw Brussel sprouts are even harder to digest than cooked ones, so always cook the sprouts before giving them to your dog. You can steam the sprouts in a pan with a little water or in the microwave. Alternatively, you can boil the sprouts for about ten minutes until they’re soft.

Final Thoughts

Can dogs eat Brussel sprouts? Yes. Brussel sprouts are a healthy vegetable for dogs and humans, but you shouldn’t feed your pet too many of them. Use them as a tasty, nutrient-filled treat now and then. That will keep your pup happy while avoiding any stomach upsets.

Learn more about what your dog should and shouldn’t eat in our series of guides on the topic, including whether your dog can eat peppers, plums, ham, radishes, or mangoes.

Obviously, you’re likely also interested in the quality of your dog’s food and your pet’s health, in addition to having questions about what your dog can and can’t eat. We happen to have a ton of resources on these very topics!

One is our guide which will teach you about adding fiber to a dog’s diet, along with or our guide to choosing the best high fiber dog foods. If you’re looking into treating your dog with upset stomach we have a guide for that as well, and we can even help answer how long does it take for dogs to digest food?. If you’re portioning your dog’s food you can also check out our guide to choosing the best automatic dog feeder.

We also have a series of health and nutritional information for your dog. Our puppy size calculator and our dog weight chart can help you determine if your dog is the proper weight and size, and we even have a collection of breed-specific growth charts such as our goldendoodle growth chart, great dane growth chart, golden retriever growth chart, chihuahua growth chart, or our labrador growth chart.

Pet News Daily Staff
Pet News Daily writers are experts in pet care, health and behavior. We are members of Society for Professional Journalists and practice ethical journalism.