Basket of plums on a table

Can Dogs Eat Plums? No, And…

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When you are enjoying a delicious plum, you may look down at your dog and wonder if he could enjoy it with you. It is hard not to share everything with your pets, especially when they look at you with their cute little faces, but you need to know what table foods can dogs eat.

If you are having a plum as a snack, is it alright to slip some to your pup as a treat? We’ll cover everything you need to know about the toxicity and safety rules regarding dogs and plums.

Can Dogs Eat Plums?

No, dogs should not eat plums.

The short answer is yes, plums are bad for dogs to eat. The pit of the plum contains cyanide, a toxin that poses a threat to dogs. Even in small amounts, it can lead to poisoning in dogs.

Can Dogs Eat Plums Without the Pit?

You may think that the issue with plums for dogs is the pit and, if you remove the pit, it will be fine. However, the flesh of the plum can contain minor amounts of toxins that are dangerous to dogs due to its proximity to the pit. The pit and the flesh grow together, and the toxins often leach in minor amounts into the flesh.

It is best not to allow your dog to have any part of a plum, pit or not.

The Safety Risks With Dogs and Plums

Plums are considered highly toxic to dogs because of the presence of cyanide in the pit, leaves, and stems of plums and the risk of cyanide poisoning. While cyanide is the primary toxin, these parts of the plum also contain some other toxins that pose a danger to dogs such as amygdalin, cyanogen, and prunasin.

Ingesting these toxins, even in minuscule amounts, is very dangerous for dogs, and they will need immediate attention from a vet. Poisoning in dogs is no joke, so it is necessary to research any food before letting your dog have a bite.

Signs Your Dog Has Ingested Plums

Eating toxic fruits or vegetables can be very dangerous for dogs and plums are no exception. Here are some of the signs that your dog may exhibit as a reaction to eating plums as reported by the ASPCA:

  • Shaking
  • Trouble breathing
  • Vomiting
  • Shock

If your dog is displaying any of these symptoms, you should seek immediate attention from a vet.

Fruits and Veggies Dogs Can Eat

Here are some popular fruits and veggies dogs can enjoy:

  • Blackberries
  • Raspberries
  • Seedless watermelon
  • Bell peppers
  • Carrots
Tips from Our Vets

The following is a list of tips on how to think about what human foods are (and may not be) safe for your dog from Dr. Jennifer Coates’ article on Foods Dogs Can and Cannot Eat.

There are some human foods that dogs can eat safely, as well as some human foods dogs can’t eat.

If you have a dog, you might be used to seeing adorable puppy eyes begging for a bite of, well, anything that you happen to be eating.

While it’s natural to want to share human food with your furry pal, many of the foods we eat are toxic to dogs. Some reasons foods may be harmful to your pup include:

  • Foods that are a problem due to our physiological differences (foods we can handle that a dog’s stomach can’t)
  • Other foods aren’t toxic, but are still potentially dangerous for dogs because they are hard to digest
  • Another category of foods that are a problem for dogs are foods that may contain high levels of fat

Some tips and words of caution if you are feeding your pet human foods:

  • Always keep in mind that new foods of any kind, including switching to a different dog food, can cause stomach upset.
  • When you find a human food you’d like to share with your pup, go slowly. Give small amounts at first and watch for any problems like vomiting or diarrhea before giving more.
  • Remember that treats should make up less than 10% of your dog’s diet. So all of the foods that are safe for your dog should be given in moderation to avoid weight gain and nutrient excesses and deficiencies.

What To Do if Your Dog Eats Something He Shouldn’t

Now that you know what foods are safe for dogs, it’s a good idea to know what to do if your pup eats food that’s toxic to dogs.

If your dog does end up eating something he shouldn’t, try not to panic. You have a few options for getting the help your dog needs:

  • The first is to call your dog’s veterinarian, who can advise you to either come into the office or to watch for signs of poisoning, obstruction, or other potential problems.
  • If it’s after hours, you can try calling an emergency veterinarian.
  • Another option is to call a pet poison control line. Be aware that there is a fee to use these services. Two that we can recommend are the ASPCA Animal Poison Control at (888) 426-4435 and the Pet Poison Helpline at (855) 764-7661.

In some cases, you might be told to induce vomiting in your dog. It is helpful to keep hydrogen peroxide on hand in case you need to do this.

Do not induce vomiting unless your veterinarian or someone from one of the pet poison control hotlines advises you to do so, however, because in some cases, vomiting can make the situation worse. [efn_note]Is it ever safe to induce vomiting? ASPCA.org. November 19, 2019. Accessed April 28, 2021.[/efn_note]

Final Thoughts

So, can dogs eat plums? No. Plums are toxic to dogs and you should not allow your dog to consume plums whether the pit is present or not. If you left plums unattended and think your dog may have eaten some, you should monitor them for signs like trouble breathing or shaking and seek immediate attention from a vet.

There are many human foods that dogs can enjoy (such as blackberries or carrots) and many low calorie options if you’re worried about puppy weight, but plums are absolutely not one of them.

If you’re looking for more information about which human foods are (and aren’t) safe for your dog to eat, check out our series of guides below:

Can Dogs Eat Asparagus? Can Dogs Eat Cantaloupe? Can Dogs Eat Kiwi? Can Dogs Eat Pineapple? Can Dogs Eat Shrimp?
Can Dogs Eat Avocados? Can Dogs Eat Cauliflower? Can Dogs Eat Lettuce? Can Dogs Eat Pistachios? Can Dogs Eat Tuna?
Can Dogs Eat Beans? Can Dogs Eat Celery? Can Dogs Eat Mangoes? Can Dogs Eat Plums? Can Dogs Eat Turkey?
Can Dogs Eat Beets? Can Dogs Eat Cinnamon? Can Dogs Eat Marshmallows? Can Dogs Eat Popcorn? Can Dogs Eat Walnuts?
Can Dogs Eat Bell Peppers? Can Dogs Eat Coconut? Can Dogs Eat Oatmeal? Can Dogs Eat Pork? Can Dogs Eat Watermelon?
Can Dogs Eat Blackberries? Can Dogs Eat Fish? Can Dogs Eat Olives? Can Dogs Eat Radishes? Can Dogs Eat Yogurt?
Can Dogs Eat Blackberries? Can Dogs Eat Green Beans? Can Dogs Eat Peaches? Can Dogs Eat Raspberries? Can Dogs Eat Zucchini?
Can Dogs Eat Broccoli? Can Dogs Eat Ham? Can Dogs Eat Pecans? Can Dogs Eat Raw Chicken? Can Dogs Eat Hot Cheetos?
Can Dogs Eat Brussel Sprouts? Can Dogs Eat Honey? Can Dogs Eat Peppers? Can Dogs Eat Salmon?
Can Dogs Eat Cabbage? Can Dogs Eat Ice Cream? Can Dogs Eat Peppers? Can Dogs Eat Seaweed?

Obviously you’re likely interested in the quality of your dog’s food and your pet’s health, in addition to having questions about what your dog can and can’t eat. We happen to have a ton of resources on these very topics!

One is our guide which will teach you how to add fiber to a dog’s diet, along with or our guide to choosing the high fiber dog food. If you’re looking into dog upset stomach we have a guide for that as well, and we can even help answer how long does it take a dog to digest food?. If you’re portioning your dog’s food you can also check out our guide to choosing the best automatic dog feeder.

We also have a series of health and nutritional information for your dog. Our dog weight calculator and our answer to how heavy should my dog be? can help you determine if your dog is the proper weight and size, and we even have a collection of breed-specific growth charts such as our goldendoodle growth chart, great dane growth chart, golden retriever growth chart, chihuahua growth chart, or our labrador growth chart.

Pet News Daily Staff
Pet News Daily writers are experts in pet care, health and behavior. We are members of Society for Professional Journalists and practice ethical journalism.